Since a long time, mental health conditions like anxiety, depression and other mental disorders are not discussed openly in society because of stigma, fear and ignorance.  Unlike physical condition, even mental illnesses can be considered as generalized medical condition which might arise due to some factors and could be treated as well. Although depression does not demonstrate any obvious symptoms and the condition aren’t easy to diagnose or observe. People suffering from mental illness deliberately manage to hide their symptoms or they simply don’t know that there is something wrong with them.

Depression cannot be analyzed directly; however, answering certain questions might help to analyze the mental state or condition. Have you ever felt empty in your heart? Have you ever lost confidence in yourself? Did you ever felt very difficulty in sleeping at nights? Have you ever lost interest in doing something that you always loved to? Have you ever wake up at the middle of the night and then you couldn’t be able to sleep again? A yes to most of the questions implies you are in a state of depression.

According to the study reports of various experts, it has been concluded that symptoms of depression are mainly associated with hormonal imbalances, stressful events, and personality traits. Even a traumatic incident or unpleasant experience could be the reason behind such mental condition.

What are the types of depression?

Different types of depression have been defined. However, the most common ones are

  1. Major depression

It is also known as clinical or unipolar depression and is the most commonly known one. It may occur only once but it occurs more commonly as frequent episodes in a lifetime.  Persistent low moods, loss of interest, hopelessness, weight loss, lack of energy are some of the major symptoms which categorize such depression.

  1. Bipolar depression

 It is a type of depression which is categorized by changing moods of depression and elation. Usually, it features periods of depression and mania with the normal mood in between.

What are the risk factors?

It has been stated that depression affects each individual in different way and therefore it does not have any fixed treatment. Considering the nature and pattern of depression, the treatment is designed, it is not necessary that what works for one person might work for another. The most common risk factors associated with depression are

  • Having a family history
  • Undergoing trauma or some extremely stressful condition
  • Undergoing physical illness or treatment and medication

Depression is treatable and most people see improvements in their symptoms when treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two.  Here are some of the tips which can be used for treating depression other than routine anti-depressants and provided medication

  1. Change in lifestyle

Making some really small changes in the lifestyle or daily routine might show some positive results. In fact, in some of the cases change in lifestyle alone cured depression. However, in most of the cases, it has been prescribed as an additional treatment which can help reduce the depression and ensure it doesn’t come back.

  1. Psychotherapy

Consulting a qualified therapist while dealing with depression can help one feel better. The well-skilled experts help patients get back their lost confidence and positivity in life. Numbers of therapies have been discovered, but most commonly used are psychodynamic, interpersonal, and cognitive behavioral therapy.